The Buran, designed to compete with NASA’s Space Shuttle programme, was the Soviet Union’s short-lived winged orbiter or spaceplane.
Buran successfully completed one uncrewed spaceflight in 1988 before being destroyed in a collapsed hangar in 2002.
Much like the Space Shuttle, Buran featured a winged orbiter strapped to the large fuel tank and side booster rockets.
However, while the Space Shuttle also featured three rear-mounted main engines, Buran relied on two Energia rockets to do the heavy lifting.
The European Space Agency said: “Carried by the huge, hydrogen-burning Energia rocket, Buran was to have rivalled NASA’s Space Shuttle. But it made only one – unmanned – flight