NASA news: Russia to build a new space station and space shuttle orbiter | Science | News

The Buran, designed to compete with NASA’s Space Shuttle programme, was the Soviet Union’s short-lived winged orbiter or spaceplane.

Buran successfully completed one uncrewed spaceflight in 1988 before being destroyed in a collapsed hangar in 2002.

Much like the Space Shuttle, Buran featured a winged orbiter strapped to the large fuel tank and side booster rockets.

However, while the Space Shuttle also featured three rear-mounted main engines, Buran relied on two Energia rockets to do the heavy lifting.

The European Space Agency said: “Carried by the huge, hydrogen-burning Energia rocket, Buran was to have rivalled NASA’s Space Shuttle. But it made only one – unmanned – flight

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