Figurines :Eight new sacred sites and many figurines were found in and around the Bergama (Pergamon) ancient town near Izmir in Turkey. These terracotta figurines represent the goddess of fertility Kybele, going back 2,200 years.
The wide-scope excavations are being carried out with the collaboration of Turkey’s Culture and Tourism Ministry and the German Archaeological Institute in Bergama ancient city. During the excavations in Bergama, there were five religious areas found within city walls and three outside city walls. In these areas a multitude of fertility goddesses, or mother goddesses, Kybele figurines were found.
“These terracotta figurines were found in pristine natural locations,” says Assoc Prof Guler Ates, Celal Bayar University Archaeology Department faculty member. “The Kybele cult was people wishing for fertility of their lands, for their animals to not die, for their children to be healthy, for births to be easy and healthy,” she tells TRT World.
According to Ates there are hundreds of pieces of baked earth (‘terra cotta’ in Latin) which will be cleaned, with those in good condition going to the Bergama Museum, and those in lesser condition going to storage.
Archaeological sources suggest that while there are elaborate religious structures such as the Temple of Athena dedicated to Greek deities, the public also held religious rites in natural locations and offered sacrifices in the name of Anatolian fertility goddess Kybele. “We have located numerous Kybele figurines in and around Bergama, on mountains, on hills, at water sources, at caves, in many religious areas,” Ates says. “That was the most important belief for the common folk.”
An excavation led by Felix Pirson and assisted by Guler Ates has found Kybele Terracotta statues from two millenniums in and around the distant site, showing the goddess of the goddess of Anatolia’s mother became strong in ancient times.
Eight new sacred sites and many statues were found inside and around the ancient city of Bergamon (Pergamon) near Izmir in Turkey. These terracotta statues represent Kybele’s fertility goddess, return 2,200 years.
Excavation of extensive scope is being carried out with the collaboration of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism Tourism and the German Archaeological Institute in the ancient city of Bergama. During excavation in Bergama, there are five religious areas found inside the city walls and three city walls outside. In this area many fertility goddesses, or mother goddesses, Kybele statues are found.
“These terracotta statues are found in a pure natural location,” said Assoc Prof. Guler Ates, a member of the Faculty of Archaeological University of Celal Pay. “Kybele Cult is the people who want their soil fertility, because their animals don’t die, so that their children are healthy, because birth is easy and healthy,” he told Trt World.
According to ATES there are hundreds of pieces of Baked Earth (‘Terra Cotta’ in Latin) which will be cleaned, with those who are in good condition going to a tangled museum, and those in lower conditions will be saved.
Archaeological sources suggest that while there are complex religious structures such as the Athens Temple dedicated to Greek gods, the community also holds religious rituals in natural locations and presents sacrifices in the name of the goddess of the fertility of Kybele. “We have found many Kybele statues in and around Besama, in the mountains, on a hill, in water sources, in caves, in many religious areas,” Ats said. “It is the most important confidence for the people together.”
(Lokman Ilhan / AA)
The Director of the German Archaeological Institute Prof. Felix Pirson told the anadolu agent that excavations of which were co-production of Turkey-Germany and that more than 100 scientists worked together for the project, from archeologists to the architect.
Pirson told Trt World that while he had been the director of excavation in Bergama since 2006, he has worked at that location since 1991 when he was still a student, and there were many important discoveries during that time, including the necropolis from the period of the Hellenistic Empire for Roman.
“Our main research agenda is the relationship between Pergamon and its surroundings is a resource, climate change, human resources,” said Pirson. “Today’s archaeology relates to questions such as what economic functions? Where do resources come from? How is the infrastructure? What is the relationship between the human environment?” He explained.
Pirson added that “usually you will expect natural holy places outside the city. But here [in Bergama] we found them in the city too; terracotta statues, lots of Kybele and some Dionysos too.”
Pirson also told AA that once they found their statues focused their attention in the holy area. “At that time the official cult was a god like Zeus, Athens, but the statues found in nature told us about the people’s beliefs. Bergama has a variety of religious beliefs of 2,200 years before time and believers in different gods.”
He continued by saying “holy places on tomb sites, natural areas and downtown containing Kybele statues, which showed that people preferred the goddess of fertility anatolia.”
Source: TRTWorld and agencies