Reports suggesting that the Trump administration is urging Tel Aviv to block China from the development of 5G infrastructure in Israel emerged in late May, falling in line with Washington’s confrontation with Chinese tech giant Huawei over its alleged connections with Beijing intelligence.
Israel and the United States are close to signing a so-called Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that suggests Tel Aviv would refrain from using Chinese technology in building up the country’s 5G infrastructure, The Jerusalem Post reported, citing unnamed US government sources.
“We’re optimistic that Israel will take a clean approach to 5G and choose to only allow trusted vendors in its 5G networks,” the anonymous US source said, cited by The Jerusalem Post. “Being a clean country benefits Israel’s national security, its citizens’ privacy and its businesses’ hard-earned intellectual property. We’re close to an understanding on this issue.”
According to the report, the Israeli Communications Ministry refused to comment, claiming that the matter is “very, very sensitive”.
Demands to step away from Chinese equipment come as part of the US State Department’s “Clean Network” project, a “program […] safeguarding the nation’s assets including citizens’ privacy and companies’ most sensitive information from aggressive intrusions by malign actors, such as the Chinese Communist Party”.
To fit the description of so-called “clean” countries, Israel will have to choose non-Chinese companies when developing its 5G infrastructure and use no Chinese components.
Earlier in May, reports suggested that the US ambassador in Israel, David Friedman, had urged Tel Aviv to refrain from Chinese investment into the country’s 5G infrastructure, over concerns that Beijing was using the technology for “espionage”.
Tel Aviv’s reported move toward participation in the Clean Network program comes amid rising tensions between Washington and Beijing, particularly in the field of technology, as the Trump White House slammed China’s tech giant Huawei as a “threat to national security” and banned it in the US.
In its enmity toward Beijing, the United States forced the United Kingdom to step away from Huawei participation in the 5G networks of Britain as well. Despite a London deal with Huawei over 5G infrastructure, Trump threatened to “stop doing business” with the UK if the UK continued to collaborate with Beijing on the deal.
Both Huawei and Beijing denied the White House accusations, blaming the Trump administration for unfair business practices.
As Russia and China Form a New ‘Financial Alliance’, is the Dollar Headed for a Crash?
As the dollar continues its decline against the backdrop of an economy battered by the coronavirus pandemic, with the US Federal Reserve pushing for quantitative easing and nearly-zero interest rates to offset the impact of the health crisis, the greenback’s role as a universal store of value is now being questioned as never before.
Economists worldwide are being forced by the economic downturn generated by the coronavirus pandemic to re-assess the global role of the US dollar, which has lost ground against a range of currencies, dropping nearly 5 percent in July, marking its biggest monthly plunge in more than 10 years.
Gold – a traditional safe haven in volatile times – marched higher, buoyed by investors’ doubts and a jittery market. In an attempt to offset the impact of the COVID-19-wrought devastation, some countries have resorted to other options in their bilateral transactions.
Ditching the Dollar
Russia and China, accordingly, are suggested as availing themselves of an opportunity to forge what has been hinted as a potential “banking” or “financial” alliance to boost “de-dollarisation” collaboration between the two trading partners, Russian-American political scientist Dimitri Simes was cited as saying by the Nikkei Asian Review.
A slew of current figures support the trend, as the US dollar’s share of trade between Moscow and Beijing dropped to a record low of 46 percent in the first quarter of 2020, according to recent figures provided by Russia’s Central Bank and Federal Customs Service.
Less than half of transactions between the two countries were made in dollars in the first three months of 2020, with 30 percent being euro-denominated and the remaining 24 percent conducted in the national currencies of the two nations.
In comparison, in 2015 nearly 90 percent of all transactions between Russia and China were conducted in dollars.
Last June, the two countries’ officials penned an agreement to move away from the dollar in bilateral transactions in favour of national currencies – the ruble and yuan – instead.
Is the Dollar Headed for a Crash?
The clout an “alliance” between Russia and China might wield in efforts to ditch the dollar is just one factor potentially driving down demand for the dollar.
Attempts to prop up the ailing economy have driven the US Federal Reserve to “print” money and inject it into the commercial banking system.
By the end of 2020, the Fed is projected to have purchased $3.5 trillion in government securities with these newly created dollars, according to Oxford Economics, yet Wall Street experts warn that by unleashing the printing press, the government risks debasing the US currency, and hastening its crash.
The Fed has also cut its benchmark interest rate to near zero, vowing it will continue to do so until the economy recovers from the coronavirus pandemic.
This comes as the federal deficit more than tripled in the first 10 months of the fiscal year, according to the Treasury Department.
The US budget gap totaled $2.8 trillion from October through July, 224% larger than the $867 billion gap during the same period a year earlier.
Warnings were earlier issued by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in its August statement.
With the United States set to double down on its fiscal stimulus to boost economic recovery from the coronavirus pandemic and the actions of the Federal Reserve, there is a growing risk of a sudden loss of confidence in the US dollar, cautioned Zhu Min, Chinese economist who was deputy managing director of the IMF from 2011 to 2016.
“The concern isn’t whether the US dollar will see an accumulated decline of 30 percent in the future, but whether there will be a blow-up event that causes a sudden loss of confidence in the US dollar, and its market to collapse”, said Zhu, who is currently head of the National Financial Research Institute at Tsinghua University in Beijing.
Stephen Roach, former chairman of Morgan Stanley Asia, has predicted a looming dollar crash, reported Bloomberg.
“The US economy has been afflicted with some significant macro imbalances for a long time, namely a very low domestic savings rate and a chronic current account deficit”, he said, forecasting that the dollar would plummet 35 percent against other major currencies.
“The era of the US dollar’s ‘exorbitant privilege’ as the world’s primary reserve currency is coming to an end”, stated the economist.